Age spots, melasma, and freckles: if these words are familiar to you, you are probably already looking for ways to remove dark spots on your face. Unfortunately, nowadays, skin pigmentation is often perceived as a blemish. The good news is that there are many ways to deal with the problem, from different types of cosmetic treatments to home remedies. In today’s article, we will take a detailed look at what causes pigmentation spots and how to remove pigmentation from face naturally. Keep reading!
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What are pigment spots?
Pigment spots are areas of the skin with increased melanin pigment content. As a result, they are usually darker than the rest of the skin – from light to dark brown. They can be congenital or acquired (we’ll talk more about the causes of pigmentation in more detail). There are several types of pigment spots, among which are freckles, lentigines, chloasma, moles, photoaging and melasma.
What are the main causes of pigmentation?
As already mentioned, the causes of dark spots can be congenital or acquired. A doctor would best assess what has led to the increased activity of melanin-producing cells. The most common factors that cause this cosmetic problem are:
- Genetic factor: Some people have a congenital predisposition to hyperpigmentation.
- Ultraviolet rays: Unfortunately, as much as we love the sun, it is often one of the main causes of dark spots (most often on the face).
- Hormonal imbalance: Pigmentation can also occur as a result of hormonal changes (pregnancy, postpartum, menstrual cycle, and some diseases).
- Cosmetic procedures: Some more aggressive procedures as well as improper treatment of skin diseases provoke uneven distribution of melanin.
- Age-related skin changes: Age spots appear in most people over the years and are more difficult to remove.
- Some chronic diseases and allergic reactions caused by poor-quality cosmetic products can also lead to pigmentation.
How can I remove pigmentation from my face naturally?
Aesthetic medicine now offers a variety of techniques that can get rid of pigmentation on your skin. Fortunately, however, there are also many natural remedies that are effective, and you can try applying them at home. Lemon, aloe vera gel, green tea and turmeric are known for their extremely beneficial effects on pigmented skin. Now let’s take a look at the most effective masks with natural remedies that you can prepare quickly and easily at home:
Mask with lemon and aloe vera gel
Lemon is a common ingredient in brightening masks, but you should always keep in mind that in concentrated form it can be dangerous for your skin. That’s why it’s always best to mix it with other ingredients. On the other hand, aloe vera gel is a miracle elixir and helps with various skin problems. It moisturizes and soothes irritated skin, fights acne and lightens scars and spots.Here’s what you’ll need to make a healing mask against pigmentation with lemon and aloe vera:
- 1 tsp aloe vera gel
- 1 tsp lemon juice
- 1 tsp honey
Mix the ingredients, apply to the affected areas and leave on for about 20 minutes. Rinse with slightly warm water. You can apply it 2–3 times a week. The mask, apart from fighting pigment spots, has a brightening, moisturizing and refreshing effect on the skin.
Yogurt and oatmeal mask for pigment spots
Our next idea for a homemade mask that successfully fights skin pigmentation involves using natural Greek yogurt. It gently evens the complexion and also has a mattifying and brightening effect. The oatmeal that is added to it successfully exfoliates and removes dead skin. Apart from dealing with pigmentation, this mask is also great for preventing acne breakouts. Let’s see how to prepare it:
- 3 tablespoons yogurt
- 1 tablespoon oat flakes
Mix and stir ingredients well. It is necessary to apply the resulting mixture immediately. Leave the mask on for no more than 5–10 minutes. Rinse off with cool water while massaging the face with circular motions (this will exfoliate the skin).
Mask with pumpkin and honey
Pumpkin is very rich in vitamins A and C, beta-carotene, antioxidants, and a small dose of acids, which makes it a very suitable ingredient in masks for skin. Honey, on the other hand, is a must-have ingredient to include in your skincare routine if you haven’t used it before. It has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, skin-healing properties. It also softens the skin, brightens and reduces pore impurities.
- 2 tsp grated pumpkin
- ½ tsp honey
- ½ tsp milk
Mix everything in a blender and apply to clean skin. Leave the mask on for 20 minutes. Rinse with warm water.
Prevention: Tips against pigmentation
Are there ways to prevent the appearance of skin pigmentation? Of course, there are! Here are our home skin care tips:
- Cleansing the skin morning and night
- Regular exfoliation
- Ensuring sufficient hydration
- Applying products specially formulated against pigmentation
- Using anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents
- Use of a high-quality sunscreen