What Cold Hardy Vegetables to Grow During the Fall? Your Fresh Bouquet of Veggies for the Cool Days!

by Snezhana Besarabova

Don’t let the frosty weather discourage you! Though chill approaches, and the colors turn into flames, you may bring back life in your garden relying on cold-hardy vegetables, which can thrive even when the temperatures drop below 32°F (0°C). By knowing the cold tolerance of plants and implementing skillfully the autumn growing techniques, your green area will enrich the table with a bouquet of veggies’ flavors year-round.

What is Cold Tolerance of Vegetable Plants?

brussels sprout field best cold hardy vegetables

Cold tolerance in vegetables refers to their capability to withstand and sometimes indeed flourish in colder temperatures, even below 32°F (0°C). Different species have varying degrees of cold endurance, with some having the possibility of surviving not hard frosts, while others can bear even harsh winter weather. Knowing how crops can survive frost is substantial for planning your garden and ensuring a constant supply of fresh production during all the colder months.

The Most Sustainable Plant Among Cold-Hardy Vegetables

cold hardy vegetables the most frost tolerant is spinach


When talking about the most cold-hardy vegetable, few can be compared to the resilience of the unspectacular spinach. This plant is not only delicious and nutritious, but also remarkably hardy. It can bear temperatures as low as 15°F (-9°C) without losing the fresh texture and bright green color. In some climatic zones, spinach can even be overwintered under protective coverings, being a source of fresh greens for all winter long. Additionally, other cold-tolerant veggies worth to be grown in these conditions including kale, collard greens, and Swiss chard. These leafy greens can easily tolerate frost and cold temperatures, which makes them a great choice for autumn and winter gardens.

Read also: What Vegetables for Winter to Plant in the Summer? Follow This Guide to Get Fresh Veggies!

Cold Hardy Vegetables: Salad Greens

mizuna cold hardy vegetables leafy greens

Salad greens are a staple in many gardens, and fortunately, they are among the most cold-hardy veggies that are grown. Varieties like lettuce, arugula, and mizuna thrive in cool weather and can bear light frosts. By applying protective measures like row covers or cold frames, you can stretch the growing season for these greens even more. Lettuce, for instance, can bear temperatures as low as 28°F (-2°C) for no long periods. If you sow lettuce seeds in late summer or early in autumn, you can reach a bountiful harvest in the end of fall and the beginning of winter.

Is Broccoli One of the Cold Hardy Vegetables?

is broccoli cold hardy cold hardy veggies

Broccoli is really cold-hardy and can endure chilly weather. Actually, it is more than just tolerant of the cold, but it flourishes in frost conditions. Broccoli plant can endure low temperatures down to 20°F (-6°C) without substantial damage to its crown or other parts. This makes it a great choice for autumn and winter gardening. When growing broccoli in colder climatic zones, take care to plant it early enough to give it time to mature before the frost weather sets in. What’s more, performing adequate thick mulching around the plants stems is helpful in insulating the soil, which not allows the roots to freeze.

How Cold Can Onions Tolerate?

how cold can onions tolerate what are cold hardy vegetables


Onions are a versatile kitchen staple and a favorite choice for home gardeners. While they are not as cold-tolerant as some leafy greens or broccoli, these veggies can handle a light frost without significant damage. They normally become dormant when temperatures lower below 20°F (-6°C) and continue to grow when the weather warms up. In order to enhance the cold tolerance of onions, you should plant them in well-drained soil and provide enough mulch to keep the bulbs isolated from freezing. In this way, you can constantly have fresh onions on your table throughout the autumn and even into the beginning of winter.

Can You Plant Brussels Sprouts in October?

can you plant brussels sprouts in october list of cold hardy vegetables

It’s ok to plant Brussels sprouts in October, though you should consider your location and climate conditions. These veggies are known for their superb cold tolerance, therefore are grown as a late-autumn crop. It should be noted that Brussels sprouts taste sweeter after experiencing a light frost. When planting them in October, it’s good to choose a variety with a shorter maturity date, as the sprouts should have enough time to develop before the beginning of the period with severe winter conditions. Also, with some form of frost protection like row covers or mulch, you can extend the harvest season for Brussels sprouts well into the end of fall and beginning of winter.

Are Carrots Tolerant to Frost?

cold hardy garden vegetables

Carrots are able to tolerate frost to some extent. While they are not as cold-hardy as some of the leafy greens or broccoli and Brussels sprouts, these veggies can withstand light frosts without substantial damage. It’s proven that exposure to cold weather can increase the sweetness of carrots by converting starches containing in these healthy orange veggies into sugars.

Read also: Top 6 Cold-Hardy Fragrant Plants to Plant in Fall!


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