Dark circles under the eyes are not just unaesthetic. They give your face a tired look and may well add a few years and make you look older. The fight against these unsightly circles under the eyes can last for a long time if you do not identify the exact reason for their appearance.
This is one of the main problems of the skin. In some cases, this aesthetic flaw is a signal for pathological processes in the body. Experts distinguish two types of dark circles – real and faux circles, which may be due to the structural features of the facial part of the skull. Anyway, many people ask why dark circles appear. Is it possible to prevent this problem? How get rid of dark circles at home? We will try to help you and will give you some simple rules to follow.
What are the reasons the appearance of dark circles under the eyes?
Circles under the eyes may appear as a result of many and different reasons. You may not be aware but the shade of the skin under the eyes is important. An experienced specialist can use it as a useful information for the reason that causes the appearance of dark circles.
Circles with a predominance of red shade can indicate problems with blood. In this case you will need to strengthen the wall of blood vessels with ginkgo biloba extract, for example.
Circles with a predominance of blue speak for problems with circulation and stagnation of blood in the capillaries.
Brown circles are usually associated with increased melanin content in the eye contour. Very often the brown color of under eye circles is caused by genetics as well as prolonged exposure to sunlight.
Age is one of the most common reasons that cause dark circles. It is believed that both men and women are prone to this problem to the same extent. The skin around the eyes is the thinnest and most sensitive and with age, the amount of subcutaneous fat also decreases, which leads to the appearance of dark circles. In addition, with age the strength capillaries of decreases.
Hormonal imbalance is another common reason for this problem. For example, during pregnancy the level of progesterone in the body increases which affects blood coagulation. An increase in blood density affects its speed in a negative way and leads to congestion, swelling and the appearance of dark circles under the eyes.
Other reasons include:
- Chronic fatigue – the lack of sleep and overwork, especially if you sleep less than 8 hours a day expose you to risk;
- Time spent at the computer – if your work is connected with computer, take short breaks to rest – 10-15 minutes every hour;
- Malnutrition and dehydration – A deficiency of minerals, especially iron, leads to anemia. Dark circles become even more pronounced. Avoid hot spices, abuse of coffee, alcohol and canned food. Do not drink tea and coffee, but plain water, which helps remove salt from the body. Make sure you drink enough water every day;
- Bad habits – smoking disrupts the normal functioning of the lungs and alcohol consumption leads to liver problems. In both cases the blood vessels narrow and the metabolism is disturbed;
- Diseases of internal organs – cardiovascular system, kidneys, gallbladder;
- Constant stress.
- Allergic reactions to various substances in the air, dust and even animal hair.
How to prevent the appearance of dark circles under the eyes?
There is no need to wait for dark circles under the eyes to appear. Leading a healthy life will help you avoid this problem. Here are some simple rules to follow:
Replace black coffee with green tea. Excessive consumption of coffee often leads to insomnia. Green tea is a natural antioxidant which helps fighting the problem of skin aging.
Change your diet. Eat a lot of vegetables containing iron as it improves blood circulation. Pomegranate, watermelon, cucumbers, celery, parsley and seafood are also beneficial. Avoid salty foods as they retain moisture in the body. Do not eat late at night.
Drink at least 1.5-2 liters of water throughout the day. Water removes salt from the body. However, you should avoid drinking plenty of liquids before going to bed.
Wash your face and body with cool water. Hot water emphasizes dark circles.
To remove makeup, use oil-based products: they quickly dissolve eyeliner, mascara and eye shadow, without irritating the skin.
Check your cosmetic products. Sometimes anti-wrinkle cosmetics can cause allergies. If there is even the slightest suspicion that the swelling is associated with a new cream, do not use it for at least 4-5 days and see if there will be a difference. Use special creams from dark circles under the eyes. Carefully read the composition of the cream. Look for collagen, elastin, vitamins A, E, green tea, horse chestnut, arnica, ginkgo biloba and other plant extracts. Special products for the eyelids with SPF sunscreen factor will protect against pigmentation of the delicate skin of the eyelids and prevent early wrinkles.
Get enough sleep. A good rest is not only an eight-hour sleep but also the correct position of the body in bed. When you sleep on your side or on your stomach, gravity draws fluid under your eyes, and this often results in dark circles. Try to sleep on your back. Another way to improve sleep quality is to take an extra pillow to raise your head so that fluids drain from your face.
Take off your makeup at night. It doesn’t matter how tired you are, you have to clean your face before going to bed. Makeup remnants clog the pores. Make sure you remove your makeup carefully using cotton pads and cleansing milk for the eyes. If you rub your eyelids too much, you can damage the blood vessels
Gymnastics for the face will help get rid of circles and bags under the eyes. Exercises for skin tone are easy to do, and they take just minutes. Simple exercises accelerate blood circulation and all excess fluid disappears as well as dark circles.
Try to spend more time outdoors.
Protect your face from aggressive sunlight.
Make moisturizing masks (recipes below).
DIY Masks to get rid of dark circles under the eyes
Let’s see what simple and effective masks can help you get rid of dark circles under the eyes.
Ice will narrow the blood vessels, visually lighten dark circles and reduce swelling under the eyes. A great option is to prepare the cubes in advance, using a decoction of herbs or peppermint essential oil. Ice can be substituted with cold spoons. Place them for 5 minutes in the refrigerator and attach to the lower eyelids for a few minutes
Apply a thin layer of oil under the eyes before bedtime and in the morning rinse with cold water. Olive, almond, coconut, linseed, avocado, rose hip, shea butter – all of these have beneficial properties and are great for skin care. Natural oils contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and trace elements. They nourish and moisturize the skin, smooth wrinkles and remove toxins from the body. The procedure can be repeated daily until the circles disappear completely.
Green tea bags
Dampen them with water and put in the freezer for a few minutes for a better effect. Use as a cold compress for 5-7 minutes.
Homemade lotions from fruits and vegetables
A couple of chilled slices of fresh cucumber is a classic home care for dark circles and bags under the eyes. Cut the cucumber into circles, put the slices in the refrigerator for 10 minutes and after that, put on your eyes.
Make milk and honey eye lotion by mixing milk with honey. Use cotton pads, soak them abundantly with chilled honey-milk lotion and keep on the eyes for 15 minutes. Rinse with cool water.
Wash, peel and grate the cucumber on a fine grater, and add a small amount of thick sour cream to the resulting mass. Apply the mask for 15-30 minutes then rinse with warm water.
Grate 1 raw potato and mix with flour in equal proportions. Add 2 tablespoons of milk. Apply the mask to the skin around the eyes for 20 minutes. Rinse with cool water.
Tomato and citrus mask
This is considered one of the fastest homemade masks. To prepare the mask you need to mix lemon juice and grated tomato in equal proportions. Mix thoroughly, apply on skin and let it sit for 15 minutes. Rinse with cool water.