Five classic styles for the garden design – fabulous landscaping ideas

Written by Kremena Ruseva

traditional Japanese garden river rocks garden house

Any beginner gardener dreams of a garden design with big trees, vibrant flower beds, hedges, roses, reservoirs … and is willing to put every effort for giving life of his ideas, forgetting that in the garden everything should be harmonious. So when the time comes to design your beautiful garden, first of all, it is necessary to determine the style and decide which one of the traditional designs would match your fantasies.

Japanese garden design combines stones and water

landscape design Japanese garden elements water bridge rocks

There is nothing random in the Japanese garden design, everything has its own meaning – the plants and the order of their placement. Every detail, even the smallest one is in amazing harmony with everything around and has its own symbolism. The bridge over the creek represents the sun, the bamboo represents resistance and patience, pine trees – longevity, oak – strength, lotus – wisdom. The main elements in all Japanese gardens are stone and water. Their presence in the Japanese garden is a must as per Buddhism. The stones symbolize the “yang ” – the bright positive masculine principle while the water  represents the ” yin” – the feminine , the dark force opposing yang. Japanese gardens are designed in such a way so that they reveal beautiful landscapes gradually. The paths are curved or placed in a circle around the central part of the yard. A special highlight of these gardens is the pavement that serves as a transition to a stream or pond.


Stunning Japanese garden bridge over creek green lawn

 The bridge is a basic element

spring japanese garden blooming trees

 Water pools in combination with stones and trees


Japanese Sand Garden Maple Tree

 Massive rocks and a bridge of stone slates

japanese garden stone bridge rocks water plants

 Feng Shui

japanese garden sand maple tree

 Harmonious blend of rocks and shrubs


 Landscape in Japanese style

japanese garden landscape design gravel path rocks

 Fabulous landscape – blooming trees and wooden bridge


 Traditional Japanese design

japanese garden design plants rocks architectural elements

 Rock garden and red bridge

Japanese Garden design gravel Rocks Bridge

 A koi pond

feng shui garden design water elements rocks

 Bamboo water feature

bamboo water feature in japanese garden

Spanish garden design

Traditional spanish garden design water pool fountains

 Due to the fact that Spain was under the reign of the Arabs for several centuries, this inevitably reflected in the garden design. In the Islam water symbolizes the beginning of life and heavenly bliss, so these gardens always have many water sources. Fountains and pools lined with stone, colored ceramic or glass give these gardens a fairy character and small channels emphasize the strict geometry of the layout. Another distinctive feature of the Spanish garden is the limited patio (courtyard) in the open. Usually it is framed by galleries, wrapped with vines and rambling roses. Paths are designed with decorative flooring – tiles or natural stones.

Water features landscape design spanish gardens

When you design a Spanish garden you need to know the most typical elements. Courtyards and the surrounding architecture need to reflect the architecture and exterior of the house. Seating areas and potted plants should be incorporated into the garden and provide a view of the landscape. Whether a large fountain in the center of the garden or multiple small fountains, this is one of the main features in a Spanish garden. Symmetry is another characteristic feature which you should have in mind when planning the layout of the garden.

 Pond with water lilies

traditional spanish garden stone tiles pool

 Spanish style courtyard

Modern Spanish Patio traditional elements central fountain

 Modern patio in Spanish style


 The water is of significant importance

Spanish pond surrounded by stone paths


 Patio design in Spanish style with large flower pots

Spanish patio ceramic pots

 Water pool and fountain decorated with flower pots

spanish fountain low stone wall

 A beautiful fountain is the focal point of the design

spanish garden courtyard central water feature fountain

 A courtyard design with Spanish elements

spanish courtyard ideas wooden deck

 Modern patio design with arches

spanish courtyard arcade flowers in pots

 Beautiful courtyard with fountain

Garden Patio Courtyard Design Spanish style

Stone tiles and water pool

spanish water garden long pool fountains

Beautiful landscape in the courtyard

beautiful spanish garden round fountain pond


beautiful English garden green lawn hedge plants

The open plan of the English garden design is used to emphasize the virtues of natural plants and, if necessary, to hide flaws. Trees and shrubs are located in picturesque groups, the paths repeat the outlines of the landscape and smooth flowing river or a quiet pond add to the life of the garden. Such areas have a natural beauty that is achieved by strict rules. The design must consider even the seasonal changes in the color of leaves, grass and color of flowers. The principle of contrast is a must: dark trees and shrubs are alternating with bright flower beds, lawns with closed areas. Garden sculptures and accessories have an important role. Flowers in the English garden grow right through the grass and the lawn is never bordered with stone curbs.

 traditional landscape English garden ideas lawn flowers

 Formal English style

landscape design English garden statues

 Benches and flowers around a fountain

Traditional English garden design round pond fountain

 Low hedges and flower beds

Traditional english garden design and element

Spectacular English garden symmetric flower beds shrubs trees

 A delicate arch at the entrance

Open Space English Garden and Pathway Design

 Colorful design with symmetric flower beds

Natural English Garden Design with Pathways and flowerbeds

 Wrought iron gate and natural stone wall

landscape design ideas English garden iron gate stone wall

 Trees and shrubs in picturesque groups

landscape design English garden boxwood hedges

 Immaculate garden design

English garden landscape ideas hedge lawn sunbeds

 Round flower beds around small pond

english garden round flower beds potted boxwood plants

 English garden with water pool and fountain

English garden water elements pool fountain

  Formal garden with spectacular appearance

English garden ideas hedges

Natural stone stairs and stone wall

English garden design green lawn stone steps bench



 Chinese Garden balance between elements

The Chinese garden is strictly hierarchical and has a main central composition while all other elements are arranged around it in a srtict order.  Garden structures usually are bridges, pagodas and stairs in bright colors – red, green or yellow. The structure of the Chinese garden fully meets the Feng Shui study for harmony in the relationship between man and nature. Chinese gardens have three compulsory elements: plants, decorative hills and water.

 Picturesque Chinese garden design water feature rocks

 A beautiful path

Chinese Garden Rocks Willows Bridge

 The harmony of  elements

Chinese Garden pond bridge pagoda

 Massive rocks at the edge of the pond

Chinese Garden landscape pagoda rocks water element

 The pagoda is the architectural element in the design

chinese garden design rocks willow pagoda

 The basic principle  – harmony between man and nature

Chinese garden design pond pagoda

 A stone bridge and path

Chinese garden design path bridge

 Bonsai trees on pedestals

chinese garden ideas lawn bonsai trees

 A magnificent waterfall as a focal point

chinese garden decorative elements water features waterfall

 Large willow tree and ceramic pots

chinese garden decorating elements

 Lanterns along the path

Chinese garden central composition additional elements

  Sun deck with colorful cushions

Chinese bamboo trees sun area

  Spectacular Autumn trees

beautiful chinese pagodas autumn trees



french formal design red flowers hedge plants

The gardens of Louis XIV are considered as the representative of the style which originated in France and reached its zenith during the rule of Louis XIV. Symmetric layout and sharp crisp lines – these are the main features. A special role is given to the numerous beds with manicured grass which surround a decorative pool, lake, canal or fountain. Often the whole panorama of this garden is set on a flat level. The plants, suitable for a French garden design are Thuya , spiraea , fir, maple, tilia and decorative plum and apple.

Traditional landscape French lavender hedge

Fabulous French style

French garden low hedge borders

 Straight lines form symmetric shapes

Luxury French Garden Trimmed hedge

 Picturesque formal

Landscape design ideas French hedge lawn

 Landscape design with white tulips and water pools

French style landscape tulips water features hedge plants

 Magnificent flower beds around the fountain

French low flower beds central fountain

 Stone flowerpots and bird statues

french landscape ideas round fountain bird statue

 Manicured grass surrounds a decorative statue

French garden statue paths

 Water pool and statues

French style landscape ideas water elements fountain statue

Beautifully trimmed lawn

french style landscape ideas trimmed lawn

French style landscape country house lawn small pond

French Formal style landscape symmetric patters

french style landscape geometric shapes

 Beautiful flower beds around the pond








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